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Treating PFOA and PFOS with Carbon Absorption

Posted by Anthony DeLoach, President on Apr 25, 2024 10:15:30 AM

Water is essential for life, but not all water is safe to drink.

Contaminants like perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), collectively known as PFAS, have been a growing concern in our water supply. Fortunately, there's a remarkable solution that often goes unnoticed: carbon absorption filters. Here, we'll explore the technology behind carbon absorption filters, how they effectively trap PFAS and their numerous benefits in water treatment.

Understanding Carbon Absorption Technology

Before delving into how carbon filters combat PFAS, let’s review the fundamentals of carbon absorption technology. Activated carbon, the hero in this story, is an incredibly porous material with a vast surface area, typically derived from sources like coconut shells, wood, or coal. This porous structure is what makes activated carbon ideal for trapping contaminants.

1.  Activated Carbon's Structure: Think of activated carbon like a sponge, but not just any ordinary sponge – it's a super sponge! At a microscopic level, it's filled with tiny pores and holes, creating a vast and intricate network. Imagine walking through a maze with endless twists and turns – that's what the structure of activated carbon looks like. And why does this matter? Because all those nooks and crannies provide a massive surface area. It's like having a big, open field instead of a cramped room. This extra space is perfect for grabbing onto molecules, kind of like how Velcro sticks to fabric. This process is called adsorption, where molecules stick to the surface of the carbon rather than getting soaked up inside like a regular sponge.

2.  Adsorption vs. Absorption: Let's clear up some confusion between two similar-sounding words. Absorption is like when a sponge soaks up water – it goes inside the sponge. But adsorption is different; it's all about what happens on the surface. Imagine you're playing with magnets. When they attract and stick together, that's like adsorption. Activated carbon is a magnet for contaminants. It doesn't suck them in like a vacuum; instead, it attracts them and sticks them onto its surface, where they stay put. So, while absorption is about taking things in, adsorption is about grabbing onto things on the outside.

3.  Adsorbent Specificity: One of the remarkable features of activated carbon is its remarkable versatility and ability to adsorb a wide range of contaminants, including volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which are harmful chemicals emitted from products like paints and cleaning supplies, chlorine, commonly found in water disinfection processes, and, most importantly, PFAS, notorious for their widespread presence in water sources and resistance to degradation, making activated carbon an indispensable tool in combating environmental pollution.Carbon Absorption Filter

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Topics: water quality, water treatment, advanced treatment solutions, Safe drinking water, municipal water systems, DeLoach Industries, Inc., Drinking Water, DeLoach Industries, carbon filters, removing PFAS & PFOS, pfas exposure, health effects of pfas, exposure to pfas, water treatment standards, PFOS, drinking water standards, forever chemicals, water purification systems, carbon absorption

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