DELOACH BLOG

What Is Water Turbidity?

Posted by Anthony DeLoach, President on Mar 18, 2022 1:05:00 PM

Water turbidity refers to how clear or translucent the water is when examining or testing it for any given use. Water turbidity can impact food and beverage, municipal, industrial, and aquaculture operations. Turbidity is caused by suspended or dissolved particles in the water that scatter light which causes the water to appear cloudy or even murky.

Different types of particles can cause turbidity and they include sediments such as silts and clay, very fine inorganic or organic matter, algae, or soluble colored organic compounds, and microscopic organisms. Turbidity is measured in a value referred to as NTU which means Nephelometric Turbidity Unit. The EPA requires in the USA a turbidity level no higher than 0.3 NTU and if a member for the partnership of safe drinking water then the level must not exceed 0.1 NTU.

High turbidity can create habitats for other harmful elements such as bacteria or metals that can accumulate onto the particles. This increases the health risk for a potable water system. In aquaculture operations increased turbidity from silts and sediments can be harmful and detrimental to marine life so it must be removed to safe levels. For the food and beverage industry, the impact of high turbidity can be both a safety concern as well as a visual and noticeable quality concern because if the turbidity is high it can alter the physical look of the final product for example a distillery.

Read More

Topics: water treatment issues, water quality, degasification, pH levels of water, water treatment, water distribution system, advanced treatment solutions, water plant, Safe drinking water, De-Aeration, decarbonator, Aqua Farming, Fish Farming, Aquaculture, Pisciculture, Deagasification, particulate matter, filters, Sand filters, municipal water systems, industrial facilities, DeLoach Industries, Inc., turbidity

What is Water Demineralization?

Posted by Anthony DeLoach, President on Jan 27, 2022 12:54:16 PM

Water demineralization is also referred to as deionization and as a process known as “Ion Exchange”. In simple terms, water demineralization is “Water Purification”. The process involves removing dissolved ionic mineral solids from a feed-water process typically for “Industrial” water applications but can also be utilized to remove dissolved solids from a water process for “Aquaculture”, “Food and Beverage” and the “Municipal” markets.

Why is demineralization utilized? Well, it can remove dissolved solids down to near distilled water quality at a much lower capital and operational cost than other treatment processes such as membrane softening (Reverse Osmosis). Demineralization applies the science known as “Ion Exchange” that attracts negative and positive charged ions and allows either to attached themselves to an opposing ion depending on their respective current negative or positive charge during what is known as a resin cycle. We will explore and go into more specific details on the science of the ion exchange process in other technical articles. Water that has dissolved salts and minerals have ions and these ions are either negatively charged ions known as “Anions” or positively charged ions known as “Cations”. In order to treat the water and remove these contaminants the ions in the water are attracted to counter-ions which are ions that have an opposing charge. In a demineralization treatment process, there are pressure vessels that hold resin beads which are typically made of plastic. The beads are made from a plastic material that has an ionic functional group that allows them to hold and maintain an electrostatic electrical charge. Some of these resins groups are negatively charged and they are referred to as “Anion” resins while others hold a positive charge and are called “Cations” resins.

There are different applications to apply Ion exchange technologies and that is why you will often hear the different terminology interchanged like deionization and demineralization. The raw water quality and the specific application will dictate the type of ion exchange process that will be needed. As an example, if the water contains a high level of hardness the water will most likely contain Ca2+ or Mg2+ dissolved solids possessing a positive charge. To replace these hard ions it is typical to utilize a resin bed with a salt ion like Na+. As the water passes over the resin bead material within the pressure vessel the hard ions are replaced with the salt ion and therefore all of the hardness within the water is removed. However, the water will now contain a higher concentration of sodium ions and this must be considered during the evaluation and selection process of the type of resin material to utilize for the specific application. If the water application requires high purity and the removal of as many solids as possible then the term or process selected is referred to as demineralization.

Read More

Topics: water treatment issues, water quality, degasification, pH levels of water, water treatment, water distribution system, advanced treatment solutions, water plant, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), media packing, Decarbonation, ION Exchange Resin, decarbonator, degasifier, RO system, H2S Degasifier, Aquaculture, degassed water, Co2 ph, removal of CO2 from water, Deagasification, decarbonation of water, hydrogen ion, particulate matter, municipal water systems, industrial facilities, automated control systems, Ion exchange, cations, anions

Benefits of Pressure Filters for Industrial Water

Posted by Anthony DeLoach, President on Jan 4, 2022 1:00:00 PM

Industrial water systems often use water filters to reduce the level of solids in the water coming from industrial, semiconductor, manufacturing, refining, or even processes like oil and natural gas production. The wastewater may contain chemicals that are harmful to humans, plants, or animals. There are three types of filters that are commonly used in industrial settings: Gravity filters, pressure filters, and constructed wetlands. Pressure filters have two variations which include multimedia and higher-pressure micron or cartridge filters. Constructed wetland or natural filters are not often utilized in industrial applications based upon the requirements to obtain environmental permits and to safeguard the ecosystem.

 

There are many benefits to pressure filtering industrial wastewater. Pressure filters can remove particles down to 0.3 microns in size, they don't clog up as easily as other filter types, and it's much faster than other types of filtration methods. Pressure filtering is also very cost-effective because it uses less energy than other methods do. If you're looking for a high-quality industrial water filter, look no further!

 

Pressure Filters  (Multimedia type) are often used in industrial settings to remove particles down to 15 microns in size. They're also very cost-effective due to the amount of energy they use; pressure filter utilize much less energy than other filtration methods. Pressure filters can include multimedia which is a mixture of gravel and sand, multimedia that combines gravel, sand, and anthracite, or multimedia that combines gravel, sand, greensand, and anthracite. The variations are dependent on the applications and the need.

Read More

Topics: water quality, water treatment, water plant, media packing, ION Exchange Resin, RO system, Pressure filter, Sand filters, Filter Media, industrial facilities, green sand, Gravity Filters, Constructed Wetlands

Pressure Filters

Posted by Matthew C. Mossman P.E. on Dec 3, 2021 1:00:00 PM

In water treatment, it is often required to remove small particulate matter from the raw water. One of the most cost-effective ways to accomplish this is with a pressure filter. Sometimes referred to as “sand filters,” a pressure filter consists of a rigid filter vessel capable of withstanding internal pressure, combined with pipework to distribute and collect water and one or multiple types of filter media. Pressure filters, commonly used in municipal water systems, industrial facilities, residential well water systems, and swimming pools. Typical pressure filter construction is shown below:

At the top of the filter vessel, a distributor is used to break up and distribute the water flow so that there are no concentrated flow jets that stir up the media bed. Inflow distributors are usually oriented to direct flow at the top of the vessel to disperse the flow further. Below the distributor is the primary filter bed. The filter bed contains fine-grained media, most often sand, including crushed anthracite coal, activated charcoal, garnet, or other granular bulk products. The media bed is the thickest layer in the filter vessel and is the region that does the actual filtering of the water or other fluid. Below the media bed will be one or more support layers. These will usually be larger-sized gravel that is chosen to support the filter bed while allowing high flow through the support layer and into the outflow header. The outflow header can take several forms but is often composed of a large central pipe with multiple smaller pipes or “laterals” attached. The laterals are slotted or perforated. This allows the pressurized water to flow into the laterals and out through the outflow header into the downstream components of the water treatment system.

Read More

Topics: particulate matter, filters, Pressure filter, Sand filters, Filter Media, municipal water systems, industrial facilities, residential well water systems, greensand, DeLoach Industries, Inc., backwash, automated control systems, actuated valves, pump controls

Subscribe to our blog

Recent Posts